In all 65 countries that took part in the PISA 2012 assessment, girls show better reading skills than boys. Even in science, often perceived as a domain of boys, there are now more countries where girls do better than boys than the other way round. And yet, in most countries women still earn substantially less than men with similar qualifications. This isn’t mainly about men and women doing similar work for different pay, but about men and women pursuing different careers.
This new OECD report explores aptitude, behaviour and confidence of young girls and boys and their impact on such career choices. It underlines that closing this gender gap requires concerted efforts by parents, teachers and employers to become more aware of their own conscious or unconscious gender biases so that they give girls and boys equal chances for success at school and beyond.