Teacher Wage Bill Constraints: Perspectives from the Classroom

published 20 April 2022 updated 30 August 2022

Constraints to the teacher wage bill blocks teacher recruitment and limits teacher salaries. This exacerbates teacher shortages and decreases the attractiveness of the profession, impeding the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal 4 on quality education for all.

This document summarises evidence from Malawi, Nepal and Zambia on International Monetary Fund (IMF) advice regarding the teacher wage bill, and teachers’ perspectives on their employment and working conditions in public schools. Insights from teachers on “the frontlines” of education delivery were gathered through surveys, interviews and focus groups in each country