Albania: Joint project to rebuild and strengthen education after natural disasters

published 17 February 2021 updated 17 October 2023

Two education unions in Albania have led a project to prioritise education after natural disasters. The move built on lessons learned in the wake of a massive earthquake in 2019.

The Independent Trade Union of Education of Albania (SPASH) and the Trade Union Federation of Education and Science of Albania (FSASH) have announced the completion of activities in their joint “Prioritising education after natural disasters” project.

The implementation of these activities was be financed by Education International’s Solidarity Fund. Many affiliates contributed to the Fund after Education International launched an Urgent Action Appeal for its Albanian affiliates after a 6.4 magnitude earthquake hit Albania on 26 November.

SPASH and FSASH announced the launch of this project during a conference held on 9 September in Vora – one of the cities close to the epicentre of the earthquake, which was ravaged by it. The implementation of these activities, agreed on 23 March, was delayed by the COVID-19 pandemic.

Safer schools and different perspectives

The two education unions organised four one-day workshops over a three-month period in affected areas. Around 20 participants from these affected areas participated in each workshop. Brochures containing information about both unions and instructions regarding different emergency situations were distributed at these events, and participants have been asked to share them with their colleagues.

Participants included representatives of local education authorities or the Education Ministry, who will be able to see the situation from a teacher’s perspective and appreciate the need for acting and investing in safer schools.

Workshop topics

Among topics discussed during workshops were:

  • How to act in classrooms in case of an emergency, especially an earthquake
  • How to manage students in emergency situations
  • How to reduce student and colleague trauma in such situations
  • Returning to school after a natural disaster/earthquake in safe school environments
  • Impact of natural disasters on education


The workshops had the following objectives:

  • Informing teachers and school leaders to be prepared to deal with crisis situations, especially natural disasters
  • Strengthening the bond among teachers and between teachers and their unions
  • Strengthening the social partnership between education unions and local education authorities and building cooperation with different actors to highlight education when confronted with natural disasters
  • Publicising these activities among teachers and using them to help organise
  • Preparing a proposal for changing the school curricula for the school year 2020-2021. The outcomes from these workshops will be used to prepare proposals to be brought to the Ministry of Education


On 26 November 2019, the strongest earthquake in 40 years hit Albania, resulting in loss of life, and causing significant damage to buildings and infrastructure. At least 51 people died, including children.

Education International’s national affiliates reported that around 1,000 people had been injured, over 6,000 buildings damaged, and some 9,000 people left homeless.

The Albanian authorities declared that at least 60 schools were unsafe.

SPASH and FSASH created a joint Emergency Board to monitor the situation and set up a fund to provide immediate assistance to affected children and teachers. Due to the unions’ limited resources, this fund could not meet all the needs identified. The unions indicated that they required assistance with training for teachers on how to deal with traumatised students and materials for teaching and learning.