Congress gears up anti-commercialisation strategy
The resolution on privatisation in and of education received unanimous support at Education International’s world congress, giving way to a new policy strategy that aims at coordinating global and national responses.
Education International (EI)’s Congress, a quadrennial decision-making assembly that has brought together thousands of participants and delegates in Ottawa, Canada, has acknowledged the risk that the privatisation and commercialisation in and of education poses to the public enterprise of education. This was reflected during the Congress business in the unanimous adoption of resolution 1.1 that notes “with concern the increased engagement and promotion of private actors in education governance (provision, funding, management and policy-making), coupled with major challenges in terms of educational access, equity and quality, and the lack of political commitment to the provision and financing of public education systems in many low– and middle-income countries.”
Affordable education or profiting from the poor?
In a very well attended break-out session on the subject, four trade union leaders from the United States, the Philippines, Kenya and Brazil discussed case studies from their national experience, unveiling the different faces of privatisation around the world. Their experiences were framed by a keynote speech on low fee private schools from Prachi Srivastava, lecturer at Ottawa University, and enriched through the policy perspective of EI’s Angelo Gavrielatos, Director of the Global Response Project.
Prachi Srivastava, a leading specialist on low-fee private education institutions, has described how these are proliferating in several countries of the global South, setting a new global trend that started over a decade ago. This business has seen a shift from family-owned private schools to the massive entry of transnational corporations into the market, creating an opaque network of investors and stakeholders.
Ms. Srivastava has put into question the concept of ‘affordable’ as advertised by these institutions, and supported by organisations like the World Bank, as the way to increase access to education by the poorest families, in States where the public provision of education lacks means and implementation. Reality shows that sending one single child to schools like Omega or Bridge can demand an economic investment of between 25 percent and 50 percent of a family’s income.
From the global strategy to national action
Wilson Sossion (KNUT, Kenya), Fatima da Silva (CNTE, Brazil), Francisca Castro (ACT, Philippines), and Randi Weingarten (AFT, USA) have explained how their unions are facing the trend of privatisation and education, from pre-school to higher education.
One of the most worrying tendencies is the diversion of public funds towards the financing of private providers, as is the case in Philippines and Brazil. This trend is being fostered by the recommendations of international bodies like the World Bank, as is the case in Kenya.
AFT President Randi Weingarten has explained how, in coordination with NUT (UK), her union managed to put pressure on edu-business giant Pearson, through a shareholder action that was accompanied by a very successful social media campaign.
The session emphasised the need to design strategies that coordinate global and national levels, based on actions of industrial, media and legal nature, in order to achieve the projects’ objectives. From the floor, one key idea emerged: the coordination amongst trade unions and with other civil society and political actors is the only way to create a global response that is becoming increasingly urgent.
Photo Credit: Jordana Mercado